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World Energy Outlook

Southeast Asia Energy Outlook

World Energy Outlook Special Report - released on 2 October

ASEAN report coverAcknowledgements

Download the full report in English at the IEA free publications website.

Executive Summaries for this publication are available in:

English and Japanese

See related material:
Press release
Presentation to Press

The ten members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) – along with China and India – are shifting the centre of gravity of the global energy system towards Asia.

Energy demand in Southeast Asia has expanded by two‐and‐a‐half times since 1990, its rate of growth among the fastest in the world. Economic and demographic trends point to further growth, lifting the region’s energy use per capita from just half of the global average today. But how will Southeast Asia’s fuel mix evolve? And what will the region’s supply and demand balance mean for oil, gas and coal trade?

The International Energy Agency, in co‐operation with the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia, has studied these issues in consultation with ASEAN member governments and leading commentators, industry representatives and international experts. This special report, in the World Energy Outlook series, presents the findings.

The report highlights:
- Trends in domestic energy needs and supply prospects, including the status of fossil‐fuel subsidies and energy access
- The central role that coal is set to play in fuelling the region’s power sector
- Implications for energy trade and energy‐import bills
- The level of investment needed to expand energy‐supply infrastructure
- The substantial energy security, economic and environmental gains possible if the region were to realise a "high efficiency scenario"