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World Energy Outlook

Southeast Asia Energy Outlook 2015

Released on 8 October‌ 2015

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Download the full report in English

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The ten countries that make up the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) are exerting an increasingly important influence on global energy trends. Underpinned by rapid economic and demographic growth, energy demand in the region has more than doubled in the last 25 years, a trend that is set to continue over the period to 2040. Given Southeast Asia’s role as a global growth engine, understanding what is shaping energy markets in this vibrant region and the implications for energy security and the environment is vital for policy makers and anyone with a stake in the energy sector.

The International Energy Agency, in collaboration with the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) prepared the Southeast Asia Energy Outlook 2015 in response to a request from ministers at the 7th East Asia Summit Energy in Bali, Indonesia in 2013. Drawing on the latest data and policy and market developments, this report examines the current status and future prospects for energy markets in the region and their implications for energy security, the environment and economic development.

The report highlights:

  • Trends in domestic energy demand and supply prospects to 2040, broken down by fuel and sector
  • The outlook for the power sector and the increasing share of coal in the region’s electricity generation
  • The role that Southeast Asia will play in international energy trade and the implications for its energy expenditures
  • The potential energy and environmental benefits of implementing pragmatic measures that would help limit the rise in the region’s greenhouse-gas emissions
  • An in-depth analysis of energy prospects in Malaysia to 2040
  • A focus on four key issues that will shape the direction of the region’s energy system: power grid interconnection, energy investment, energy access and fossil-fuel subsidies

Southeast Asia Energy Outlook 2013

ASEAN report cover

World Energy Outlook Special Report - released on 2 October

Acknowledgements

Download the full report in English at the IEA free publications website.

Executive Summaries for this publication are available in: English and Japanese

See related material:
Press release
Presentation to Press

The ten members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) – along with China and India – are shifting the centre of gravity of the global energy system towards Asia.

Energy demand in Southeast Asia has expanded by two‐and‐a‐half times since 1990, its rate of growth among the fastest in the world. Economic and demographic trends point to further growth, lifting the region’s energy use per capita from just half of the global average today. But how will Southeast Asia’s fuel mix evolve? And what will the region’s supply and demand balance mean for oil, gas and coal trade?

The International Energy Agency, in co‐operation with the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia, has studied these issues in consultation with ASEAN member governments and leading commentators, industry representatives and international experts. This special report, in the World Energy Outlook series, presents the findings.

The report highlights:

  • Trends in domestic energy needs and supply prospects, including the status of fossil‐fuel subsidies and energy access
  • The central role that coal is set to play in fuelling the region’s power sector
  • Implications for energy trade and energy‐import bills
  • The level of investment needed to expand energy‐supply infrastructure
  • The substantial energy security, economic and environmental gains possible if the region were to realise a "high efficiency scenario"