World Energy Outlook

World Energy Outlook 2016

WEO-2016 coverReleased on 16 November 2016

The successful outcome of COP21 has raised hopes and expectations of concerted global efforts to tackle climate change. How will this affect the momentum behind the deployment of key renewable technologies and the drive for greater energy efficiency? Ample supply is keeping downward pressure on fossil fuel prices, coal, oil and natural gas. When and how will market dynamics change – or might lower prices for some fuels be here to stay? The impact of local pollution, often energy-related, on air quality is a matter of rising social and political concern in many countries. How can governments act to tackle this problem – and what would these actions mean for the energy sector?

Further details may be found on the detailed WEO-2016 page.





Mexico Energy Outlook - World Energy Outlook Special Report


Full report | Acknowledgements | Table of Contents

Executive Summaries
English | Spanish

Mexico is recasting its entire energy system, in line with a far-reaching Energy Reform package adopted by the government in 2013. How might the multiple changes being implemented today change the energy scene of tomorrow?

This analysis provides a comprehensive assessment of Mexico’s energy demand and supply outlook to 2040. The report:

‌• Maps out the implications of the Reforma Energética across the energy economy
• Explores the ambition of a reformed power market to meet rising demand, while tapping Mexico’s abundant renewable resources and reducing the costs of power supply
• Assesses how and when the new upstream bid rounds can turn around today’s declines in oil and gas output
• Identifies the challenges that remain, while also quantifying the value of Mexico’s energy transformation in a "No Reform Case"

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‌• Press release

Energy and Air Pollution 2016 - World Energy Outlook Special Report

Released on 27 June 2016

Full reportAcknowledgements | Table of Contents

Executive Summaries
Chinese | English | French

‌• Around 6.5 million premature deaths each year can be attributed to air pollution
• Energy production and use are by far the largest man-made sources of air pollutants
• Technologies to tackle air pollution are well known

Clean air is vital for good health. Yet despite growing recognition of this imperative, the problem of air pollution is far from solved in many countries, and the global health impacts risk intensifying in the decades to come.

The scale of the public health crisis caused by air pollution and the importance of the energy sector to its resolution are the reasons why the IEA is focusing on this critical topic for the first time.

Based on new data for pollutant emissions in 2015 and projections to 2040, this special report, the latest in the World Energy Outlook series, provides a global outlook for energy and air pollution as well as detailed profiles of key countries and regions: the United States, Mexico, the European Union, China, India, Southeast Asia and Africa.

In a Clean Air Scenario, the report proposes a pragmatic and attainable strategy to reconcile the world’s energy requirements with its need for cleaner air. Alongside the multiple benefits to human health, this strategy shows that resolving the world’s air pollution problem can go hand-in-hand with progress towards other environmental and development goals.

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‌• Press release
Presentation to the press

Press Quotes

27 June 2016 - Climate & Clean Air Coalition
Poor air quality causing 6.5 million deaths a year, says IEA report. New International Energy Agency report says investments in improving air quality provides benefits many times more valuable. A report released today by the International Energy Agency (IEA) says poor air quality is responsible for 6.5 million deaths each year with many of the root causes coming from the energy sector. In the report, Energy and Air Pollution, the IEA proposes a cost-effective strategy, based on existing technologies and proven policies, to cut pollutant emissions by more than half, and provides a suite of measures that can be adapted in tailored combinations to reflect different national and regional settings. "This report brings a very important message to the energy community about the link between our energy systems and air pollution. Its projections about the impacts on health are sobering, but the report also shows how, with good policies, we can have both clean, healthy air and energy", says Mark Radka, Head of Energy Climate and Technology of United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).

27 June 2016 - Sustainable Energy for All
Air pollution will continue rising in the next decades unless nations around the world invest trillions in cleaner energy and emissions controls, the International Energy Agency said. The Paris-based agency is calling for governments to adopt a strategy to cut pollutants by half, a plan that would add about 7 percent to the total energy investment needed through 2040, according to a report Monday. That includes $4.8 trillion for advanced pollution control and accelerating the transformation of the energy industry. “Clean air is a basic human right that most of the world’s population lacks,” said Executive Director Fatih Birol. “We need to revise our approach to energy development so that communities are not forced to sacrifice clean air in return for economic growth.”

27 June 2016 - Clean Air Asia
IEA report: A strategy to reconcile energy needs and address air pollution crisis. The evidence is irrefutable: The world is facing a public health crisis. Cities around the globe are shrouded in toxic clouds of air pollution primarily emanating from the energy sector, notably emissions from the burning of fossil fuels. The scale of the crisis is immense, with air pollution linked to 6.5 million premature deaths per year, making it the world’s single greatest environmental health risk and the fourth greatest health risk overall. The International Energy Agency’s “Energy and Air Pollution 2016 – World Energy Outlook Special Report” is a sobering reminder of the human, economic and environmental costs of energy-related air pollution in an increasingly urbanized world.

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World Energy Outlook 2015

Released on 10 November 2015‌

WEO-2015 Table of Contents
WEO-2015 Acknowledgements
Introduction and Scope

Executive Summary

Arabic | Chinese | English | French | German | Italian | Japanese | Korean | Polish | Russian  | Spanish | ‌Turkish

Press Release
See video from the international press launch
Video of the Q&A from the launch
Presentation to the Press

Big questions abound in global energy in 2015 

— Could oil prices stay lower for longer? What would it take for this to happen and what it would mean for energy security and for the energy transition?  

— India is set for a period of rapid, sustained growth in energy demand: how could this re-shape the energy scene?

— What do new climate pledges mean for the way that the world meets its rising needs for energy?

— What are the implications of the rising coverage of energy efficiency policies and the growing competitiveness of renewables?

— Is the unconventional gas revolution going to go global, or to remain a North American phenomenon?

These issues – and many more – are discussed here, with a special focus on India accompanying the customary, in-depth WEO analysis of the prospects for all fossil fuels, renewables, the power sector and energy efficiency around the world to 2040.

Further details and the free download of the Executive Summary may be found on the detailed WEO-2015 page.

To order now or find more information about purchasing WEO-2015, go to the IEA Online Bookshop.


India Energy Outlook 2015 - World Energy Outlook Special Report

India Energy Outlook ThumbnailReleased 27 November 2015

Full Report
Table of Contents  
Fact Sheet

‌India is set for a period of rapid, sustained growth in energy demand: how could this re-shape the global energy scene?

This comprehensive analysis assesses the multiple challenges and opportunities facing India as it develops the resources and infrastructure to meet its energy needs. The report:

  • Explores how major new policy initiatives, from “24x7 Power for All” to the “Make in India” campaign, affect India’s energy outlook
  • Identifies the investment required in India’s generation and grid in order to provide universal, secure and affordable electricity supply
  • Highlights the growing role of renewables, led by wind and solar, in India’s energy future, alongside  the continued importance of coal
  • Evaluates the energy security and environmental strains that accompany India’s rise and how they can be addressed
  • Assesses the implications for a global energy system in which India exerts ever-larger influence

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World Energy Outlook Special Briefing for COP21

WEO 2015 INDCReleased 21 October 2015

The crucial climate change meeting in Paris in December 2015 (COP21) is a major milestone in efforts to combat climate change. Most countries have by now submitted their national pledges, the so-called Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs). This WEO Special Briefing for COP21 updates the analysis and findings of the WEO Special Report on Energy and Climate Change, incorporating all climate pledges up to mid-October and the latest available energy data. It seeks to answer two key questions: what will the energy sector look like in 2030 if all INDCs are implemented fully, and will it be sufficient to put the energy sector on a pathway consistent with the world’s agreed global climate goal. Free download of the special briefing.

Southeast Asia Energy Outlook 2015

Released on 8 October‌ 2015


Download the full report in English

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Press release
Presentation to Press

The ten countries that make up the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) are exerting an increasingly important influence on global energy trends. Underpinned by rapid economic and demographic growth, energy demand in the region has more than doubled in the last 25 years, a trend that is set to continue over the period to 2040. Given Southeast Asia’s role as a global growth engine, understanding what is shaping energy markets in this vibrant region and the implications for energy security and the environment is vital for policy makers and anyone with a stake in the energy sector.

The International Energy Agency, in collaboration with the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) prepared the Southeast Asia Energy Outlook 2015 in response to a request from ministers at the 7th East Asia Summit Energy in Bali, Indonesia in 2013. Drawing on the latest data and policy and market developments, this report examines the current status and future prospects for energy markets in the region and their implications for energy security, the environment and economic development.

The report highlights:

  • Trends in domestic energy demand and supply prospects to 2040, broken down by fuel and sector
  • The outlook for the power sector and the increasing share of coal in the region’s electricity generation
  • The role that Southeast Asia will play in international energy trade and the implications for its energy expenditures
  • The potential energy and environmental benefits of implementing pragmatic measures that would help limit the rise in the region’s greenhouse-gas emissions
  • An in-depth analysis of energy prospects in Malaysia to 2040
  • A focus on four key issues that will shape the direction of the region’s energy system: power grid interconnection, energy investment, energy access and fossil-fuel subsidies

WEO-2015 Special Report on Energy and Climate Change

Released 15 June 2015

The world is moving towards a crucial climate change meeting in Paris in December 2015 (COP21). The negotiations there will be based on national pledges, formally known as Intended Nationally Determined Contributions, with the goal of setting the world on a sustainable path. As energy production and use is responsible for two-thirds of greenhouse-gas emissions, the IEA feels an obligation to make a contribution to COP21 – a contribution which reconciles climate and energy needs. Find out more details and for the free download. 

The IEA Energy Business Council is an executive-level group, with members from a wide variety of companies involved in energy exploration, production and consumption, ranging from commodities companies to automobile manufacturers to wind and solar producers and industry associations. Click here to visit the Energy Business Council website.

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